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Eye problems
Eye problems

Eye problems

An eye test every two years is essential to your health care. About 12.5 million people develop asymptomatic eye conditions yearly but do not undergo regular eye tests. Eye tests are important because many causes of vision loss are preventable if diagnosed early. Early diagnosis is only possible if you get regular eye tests.

An eye screening will thoroughly assess your vision. The doctor will examine your eye from the front to the back using a Fundoscopy and an applanation pressure test. Your consultation will be tailored to suit your specific requirements and needs, and you will get advice for further treatment if necessary.

Being diagnosed with an eye condition can cause worry and anxiety. However, you can deal with the difficult time with accurate, comprehensive information about your eye condition.

Causes of eye problems

Eye problems that affect vision are mostly due to ageing, but people with a family history of eye disease and those with learning disabilities are more likely to have eye problems.

Certain ethnic groups have a higher risk of diabetic retinopathy (South Asia), diabetes and glaucoma (African and Caribbean). Short-term issues such as infections and foreign bodies may also affect the eyes.

Common eye problems

Some common eye problems include:

  • Blepharitis

    This is a condition where the rim of the eyelids gets inflamed, causing the eyes to become itchy, red and irritated.

  • Cataracts

    Cataracts are cloudy patches in the eye’s lens, causing blurry vision. This eye problem can lead to blindness if untreated.

  • Colour blindness

    Colour blindness is also called colour vision deficiency. It occurs when the cells in the retina aren’t distributed as they should.

  • Conjunctivitis

    Conjunctivitis is inflammation of the transparent membrane covering the eye (the conjunctiva).

  • Diabetic retinopathy

    Diabetic retinopathy is a result of diabetes, a common disease that has several short and long-term implications.

  • Watery or dry eyes

    Dry eyes occur due to a problem with the tear film that keeps the eyes moist and lubricated.

  • Floaters

    These are shapes people see drifting across their vision. The exact shape varies, while some people see small dots, others may see irregularly shaped strands.

  • Glaucoma

    Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that affect vision. According to research, glaucoma affects about one in 50 people over 40 in the UK.

  • Keratoconus

    This degenerative condition of the eye causes the cornea (the transparent front area of the eye) to become cone-shaped, leading to visual distortion.

  • Macular degeneration

    This painless eye condition is characterised by gradual loss of vision in the central area (the ability to see objects directly in front).

  • Retinal detachment

    Retinal detachment causes a separation between the wall of the eye at the back and the retina.

If you haven’t had a routine eye check or have a family history of an eye disease, visit Medical Express Clinic for a check-up. You can also contact us on 020 499 1991 to schedule an appointment with our doctor if you notice problems with your vision or other symptoms of an eye problem. We can refer you to an ophthalmologist if necessary.