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Yellow Fever Vaccine

Yellow Fever Vaccination London

What Is Yellow Fever?

The yellow fever is a viral illness that can potentially be fatal for an individual that had been infected. The illness is mainly transmitted through a bite of an infected AedesAegyptimosquito which is most active during the hours of dawn & dusk.

The virus itself can be found around sub-Saharan Africa as well as South and Central America. Outbreaks can occur in jungles and urban areas.

Stamaril, the Yellow Fever Vaccine is administered for protection against the Yellow Fever virus. Most people develop immunity within ten days post vaccination and almost 99 percent are protected within one month, the immunity acquired from the vaccine typically lasts a lifetime.

Routine immunization is recommended in all countries where this disease is common. This should usually take place between nine and twelve months of age. People who travel to places where this disease is prevalent need to be immunized.

Yellow fever vaccine is safe for the vast majority of people, who will experience minimal side effects. Typical side effects include muscle pain, headache, fever, rashes and pain at the injection site. Severe allergies usually occur at a rate of less than 9 in a million doses. Pregnant people and those with a weakened immune system should not undergo yellow fever vaccination.

Yellow fever vaccination

The vaccine is usually suggested when you travel to:

  • An area where there is yellow fever
  • A country that requires Yellow Fever Certification demonstrating that you have already been vaccinated against yellow fever

You should get the vaccine at least 10 days before your travel to allow sufficient time for the vaccine to become effective. Your certificate will be valid after this time only.

This certificate and vaccine can only be obtained from registered yellow fever injection centres. The injection is not given for free on the NHS and usually costs somewhere around £69.50 to £89.50.

This vaccine offers protection for your entire life and so, you will not require a new certificate or a booster dose if you have been vaccinated in the past.

Where yellow fever is found

Yellow fever is usually found in:

  • most of sub-Saharan Africa or area below Sahara desert
  • parts of Central America
  • parts of Caribbean
  • most of South America

Yellow fever is usually not found in the Asia, Australia, Europe, New Zealand, Pacific Islands or the UK.

Some countries where yellow fever has been found might require valid proof of vaccination at the time of visiting. It’s always better to be safe than sorry, so we recommend Yellow Fever vaccination if you are travelling to any of the areas listed above.

How yellow fever is spread

Yellow fever is a virus that is spread due to mosquito bites. You cannot get this virus from close contact with someone who already has it.

The mosquitoes that spread infection are usually found in rural areas and towns while they bite during the day.

When travelling to an area where there is yellow fever, avoid getting bitten by mosquitoes if you have been vaccinated. 

Mosquitoes spread other diseases such as dengue and malaria.

You can avoid this by wearing clothes that cover the legs and arms, using mosquito nets and insect repellent that has 30% to 50% DEET.

Symptoms of yellow fever

The initial symptoms of yellow fever usually develop 3 to 6 days after you have been infected. Some of these include:

  • high fever of 38C (100.4F) or above
  • backache and muscle pain
  • headache
  • vomiting or feeling sick
  • photo sensitivity your eyes are sensitive to light
  • loss of appetite and not feeling well

Most people can recover completely after 3 or 4 days.

In some cases, the symptoms can develop into something much more serious including:

  • yellowing of your eyes and skin
  • bleeding from the nose, eyes or mouth
  • vomiting blood 

Almost half of people who progress to this stage of the infection will not recover.

When you can seek for medical help

If there are symptoms of yellow fever whilst traveling in an area where yellow fever has been recorded, then it is advised to visit a doctor immediately.

When you develop symptoms after returning from any of these areas, get in touch with your private GP or NHS 111 for their advice.

You need to tell the doctor where you have been travelling, whether you have been bitten by a mosquito, and the symptoms you currently are experiencing.

How to treat yellow fever

There is no remedy available for yellow fever, but the symptoms may be treated when the body fights the infection.

Usually, people get full recovery after 3 or 4 days.

Certain painkillers such as ibuprofen or paracetamol may lower the temperature and ease severe aches and pains.

Make sure you drink lots of fluids in order to prevent dehydration.

If you are suffering from serious symptoms, it is advised to visit the hospital for proper assessment and treatment.

Certificate of yellow fever vaccination

Some countries require a certificate that shows you have been vaccinated before you might be allowed for entry.

This is called International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis or ICVP.

You will be provided with a certificate when being vaccinated at a yellow fever vaccination centre.

You can go through the information of the country you plan to visit on the NHS travel website or at a yellow fever vaccination centre in London to know if you need a certificate for the area to travel.

However, a certificate is not required for entry into the UK.

If you lose the certificate, you can get another one reissued when you provide the details of vaccination batch number and date you vaccinated.

Where you can get yellow fever vaccine in London

Visit your local nearby clinic to get yellow fever vaccine. At Medical Express Clinic, you can also receive Yellow fever vaccine and vaccination certificates.

How much yellow fever vaccine cost

Yellow fever vaccine is not available free of cost on the NHS and so, you need to pay for it. This will usually range between £69.50 and £89.50.

How long yellow fever vaccine will last

All vaccination certificates are valid for life.

All vaccination certificates are valid for lifelong including older ones having an expiry date on them.

Booster doses are usually suggested when all of these are applicable:

  • you are travelling to a place where there is yellow fever
  • you were last vaccinated several years ago
  • when you had last been vaccinated, you were below 2 years, pregnant, or had a weak immune system due to HIV or bone marrow transplant

You need to contact a yellow fever vaccination centre for advice on when you will need a booster dose before travelling.

Who cannot have a yellow fever vaccine?

Yellow fever vaccine is not recommended for some people like:

  • babies who are 6 to 9 months old - they may sometimes be vaccinated when the risk of getting yellow fever is high
  • breastfeeding and pregnant women
  • people above 60 years
  • people who have weak immune systems
  • people who are allergic to any of the ingredients present in the vaccine
  • people who have a disorder of the thymus gland

You need to contact yellow fever vaccination centre for advice when you need a vaccination certificate for the country you will visit but not sure if you can take the vaccine.

They may provide an exemption letter that will be accepted by the officials in countries that usually require a vaccination certificate.

Make sure you take additional care to avoid insect bites when traveling if you have not been vaccinated before.

Some side effects of yellow fever vaccine

Yellow fever vaccine may lead to side effects, but the risk of not getting vaccinated usually outweighs the risk of having side effects.

After getting the vaccine, nearly 1 in every 3 people gets:

  • muscle pain
  • headache
  • soreness at injection site
  • mild fever

These side effects will usually go away within 2 weeks.

There are some serious but rare side effects that may occur such as – allergic reaction and problems that can affect your organs or brain.

These usually take place in less than 10 times for every dose of vaccine taken.

If you are not feeling well for a few days or weeks after getting yellow fever vaccine near me, then it is advised to seek for medical advice immediately.

For further information or to book an appointment, call us today on 02074991991,or request an appointment on our website - https://www.medicalexpressclinic.co.uk