Gynecological cancers develop in the reproductive organs of woman. The major types among them are – cervical, uterine, ovarian, vulvar and vaginal cancer. It is important for every woman to know about these diseases so that they can lessen the risks and try to prevent them. The chances of suffering from gynecologic cancer usually increase with age. If the disease gets detected and treated early, then the treatment is usually often curative and most effective when done by a private gynaecologst in London. Check out 5 ways to lessen the risks of suffering from gynecologic cancer.
Perform first Pap smear at 21 years – Women should go for the first Pap smear by the age of 21. The test detects unusual cell changes in the cervix to notice cervical cancer at an early stage. Women who are within the age group of 21 to 65 years should perform regular Pap smear, as suggested by the doctor.
Stay protected from HPV – Human papilloma virus or HPV infections are the major causes of vaginal, vulvar and cervical cancers. It is suggested to talk to the best private gynecologist in London before performing HPV test and know about HPV vaccine that protects against different kinds of HPV causing cancer. Also, you should not enjoy intercourse with too many sexual partners and try using a condom when making love with your partner.
Both boys and girls in the age group of 11- to 12-year receive two doses of HPV vaccine for six months. Teenagers and adults who start within 15 to 26 years have to take at least three doses of HPV vaccine to protect from HPV infection.
Say no to smoking – If you are addicted to cigarettes, then this increases the chances of suffering from different types of cancer such as cervical, vaginal, vulvar and ovarian cancers. By quitting smoking, you lessen the risk of developing cancer. Your doctor might suggest effective strategies or aids that can help to stop smoking.
Make a healthy choice – It is essential to have a healthy weight and stay active in order to lessen the risks associated of developing gynecological cancer of others. Take a well-balanced diet that includes fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains and lean proteins to protect your body from various diseases.
Consult with your doctor to know the symptoms early – Most gynecologic cancers do not show any signs and symptoms at an early stage. By keeping this in mind, if you suffer from any of these symptoms, then it is advised to talk to your doctor right away.
Abnormal discharge or vaginal bleeding
Pelvic pain or pressure
Back or abdominal pain
Changes in bathroom habits such as diarrhea, constipation or increased urination
Burning or itching of the vulva
Changes in your skin or vulva color like rash, sores, ulcers and warts
According to the experts in a private gynaecologist clinic in London, 5 to 10% of all the cancers are usually hereditary. This indicates you have greater chances of developing some cancers if you have a family record of such diseases. Your doctor may suggest performing genetic test to know if you have BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation that can out you in higher risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer.