Currently, as many as 15 different contraceptive methods are recognised in the UK. It is your responsibility to find out the best one for you. To choose the right contraceptive, a top-notch doctor on sexual health in London suggests that you should consider your health and circumstances.
There are lots of factors to consider for everyone while selecting a suitable contraceptive. A GP or your neighbourhood family planning clinic is a reliable source to seek help on the given topic.
15 different methods of contraception are currently available in the UK. The type that works best for you will depend on your health and circumstances.
Remember that family planning in modern times is not just about avoiding getting conceived to prevent unwanted child birth. According to a best gynaecologist in London, it is also about protecting yourself from sexually transmitted infections or STIs.
Using a condom every time while having sex is the best possible way to avoid STIs. The alternative contraceptive procedures on the other hand prevent pregnancy but at the same time leave you vulnerable to STIs.
In this circumstance, sexual health charities like the FPA and the Brook have taken a big leap to help you find the best contraceptive technique that perfectly suits your case. They both make use of interactive tools for the purpose, which asks questions on your health, lifestyle and contraceptive choices. Your answers are assessed and only then, the best solution is suggested. The information that you provide to both the tools are completely safeguarded and there’s zero chance of tracing them back to you.
The Brook contraceptive tool can be accessed on: https://www.brook.org.uk/our-services/category/my-contraception-tool
The FPA tool on: https://www.fpa.org.uk/my-contraception-tool
Contraceptive implant : A woman is likely to get pregnant when sperm reaches her ova or one of the eggs. The contraceptive implant is a tiny flexible tube, about 40 mm in length. The device is inserted under the skin of the upper arm. This requires a trained pair of hands to place the device correctly. The device gradually lowers the level of the progestogen hormone in the body, as a result of which, the ovary stops the releasing of the egg. Thus, the male sperm fails to get the female partner pregnant. This contraceptive procedure on an average lasts for about 3 years.
IUS or intrauterine system or hormonal coil : It is a tiny, plastic device having the shape of the alphabet ‘T’. it is inserted in the womb or the uterus by a doctor or a trained nurse. The device releases progestogen hormone, which thickens the mucus from the cervix. As a result, the sperm can’t move freely and reach an egg. Release of progestogen also makes the lining of the womb much thinner. This thinning reduces the chances of the womb to receive a fertilised egg. In some cases, the method is also known to stop ovulation or release of an egg.
IUD or intrauterine device : Somewhat similar to the IUS, this is also a tiny, T-shaped device made of copper and plastic. A doctor or a well-trained nurse places it inside the womb or the uterus. The device, once in place, stops the egg and the sperm from surviving inside the womb or the fallopian tube. It is also known to stop implanting of a fertilised egg in the womb.
Female sterilisation : It is an invasive surgical procedure that blocks the fallopian tubes. As a result, the ovaries get disconnected from the womb or the uterus. It is carried out under either local or general anaesthesia, varying from case to case.
Vasectomy : It is a minor surgery that cuts, blocks or seals the tube carrying sperm from the male testicle to the penis. As a result, the seminal fluid or the semen that is ejaculated doesn’t contain any sperm. In absence of the sperm, the woman’s egg can’t get fertilised.
Contraceptive injections : As far as the UK is concerned, there are three types of contraceptive injections in use, namely:
Depo-Provera : Lasting for 12 weeks and most popular in the country.
Sayana Pres : Lasts for 13 weeks
Noristerat : Lasts for much shorter time period.
The injections contain progestogen, which thickens the mucus in the cervix and prevents the sperm from reaching an egg. Moreover, it also thins the lining of the womb to prevent the release of an egg.
Combined pill : The pills are rich in hormones that prevent the ovary to release an egg during ovulation. The hormones also stop sperm reach an egg. They are also known to thin the womb lining to stop the release of an egg. The pills not only prevent unwanted pregnancy but also prove effective in painful periods, heavy periods, endometriosis and PMS or premenstrual syndrome.
Progestogen-only pill or POP or mini pill: The pill contains the progestogen hormone, which prevents the sperm from reaching the egg and thins the womb lining to prevent the release of egg.
Contraceptive patch : It is a sticky patch, somewhat identical to the nicotine patch and measures around 5×5 sq cm. It contains hormones, which are released into your body and they work the same way as the combined pills. In the UK, the brand name of the patch that is available is Evra.
The vaginal ring : It is a tiny ring made from soft plastic and releases the hormones oestrogen and progestogen in the body to prevent ovulation making it difficult for the sperm to meet the egg. The ring measures around 4 mm thick and 5 cm in diameter. It is placed inside the vagina and has a life for 21 days. Then, you throw it away in the bin wrapped in a special disposal bag. A week after removing the ring, you insert a new one for the next 21 days.
Natural family planning or fertility awareness : It is more of a method to teach people at what time during the month, it is safe to have sex without any contraceptive measures and not getting pregnant.
Male condoms : There are male and female condoms. The male condom is worn on the penis and chiefly made of latex. It prevents the semen from the man get in contact with his female partner. If worn properly, male condoms can also save you from STIs.
Female condom : These are made from a special type of thin and soft plastic, called polyurethane. In fact, some varieties of male condom are also made from it. A female condom is worn inside the vagina and it prevents the semen from getting in the womb. If properly worn, it can save you from STIs too. Femidom is a common brand of female condom in the UK.
Contraceptive diaphragm : It is placed inside the vagina before sex to cover the cervix. As a result, the male semen can’t get into the uterus or the womb. However, you need to use it with spermicide.
Contraceptive cap : It is circular dome in shape and made from soft and thin silicone. The cap is placed inside the vagina before sex so that it can cover the cervix and prevent sperm from getting into the uterus or the womb. You have to use it a spermicide just like the diaphragm.
One of the best gynaecologist at Medical Express Clinic suggests to take the expert’s advice about the kind of contraceptive that fits you the best. Remember, contraceptive services are not only confidential but also free for people below the age of 16.