Doctors providing health check up at Medical Express Clinic explain that cholesterol is essential for the body to work properly. Basically it is a soft, waxy fat; excess quantity of cholesterol is harmful and leads to severe health conditions like:
Atherosclerosis is a condition in which the arteries get clogged, preventing the smooth flow of blood.
Men should get their cholesterol level checked regularly starting from age 35 or even younger. On the other hand, women should start routine cholesterol screening from age 45 or younger. To be on the safer side, you should take the screening every 5 years starting from age 20.
While people diagnosed with heart disease, blood sugar, high blood pressure, stroke or taking medicines to control their cholesterol level should take this screening every year.
You are at high risk of developing high cholesterol under any of the following conditions:
A complete lipid profile or cholesterol test measures 4 types of lipid or fat in the blood.
Doctors providing private health check in London have something important to add in the ongoing context. People who are over-weight, obese, eat too much sweets or consume excess amounts of alcohol regularly have higher chances of high triglyceride levels in their blood.
In certain cases, the doctors can ask the individual to fast before taking a cholesterol test. Instead of taking a complete lipid profile, if you are having only the HDL and total cholesterol levels checked you do not need to fast. In a complete lipid profile, it is a must that you fast completely other than drinking water for at least 9 to 12 hours before taking the test.
Before taking the test, make sure that your doctor has the following information:
Contraceptive pills raise the cholesterol level in the blood. If you are taking such medications, it is likely that the doctor can instruct you to stop taking them for few days before the test.
To perform a cholesterol test, a sample of your blood is required. The required sample is usually drawn from your vein in the morning after you have fasted overnight.
This blood test is completely an outpatient procedure and hardly takes a few minutes.Nervous people can be rest assured that the procedure is painless.
Different options of taking the blood test
A hairline chance of risk exists in drawing a blood sample for a cholesterol test. Slight fainting, pain or soreness at the injection site are common. Chances of minor infection at the puncture site cannot be completely ruled out either.
Cholesterol levels in the blood are measured in milligrams (of cholesterol present in) per decilitre of blood.
Point to note: Milligram is denoted by mg and decilitre by dL.
People with cholesterol levels beyond the normal range have greater chances of a stroke, heart disease and atherosclerosis. Doctors usually prescribe a blood glucose test or test for diabetes for people with abnormal cholesterol levels in the blood. Thyroid function test is also prescribed in such cases to know if the thyroid is under-performing.
In certain instances, the test can giveyou incorrect results. One of the most common procedures of calculating the level of LDL cholesterol in the blood often produces inaccurate results. In addition to that, certain other factors are also known to affect the test results, which include improper fasting and human error. Testing for both LDL and HDL levels is more reliable than testing only for LDL.
It is important to control high levels of LDL cholesterol in the blood to avoid problems like clogging in blood vessels and heart disease. The condition of high cholesterolis mostly treated with controlled lifestyle and medicines.
Tips to lower your cholesterol levels
If you are detected with cholesterol levels beyond the normal range, do not hesitate asking your private doctor in the UK to help you out. These days TLC diet or therapeutic lifestyle changes is a popular approach to deal with such cases. The meal plan allows you to get just 7% of the daily calories from saturated fat while you get less than 200 mg cholesterol from your daily diet.
If you are serious and dedicated, controlling high levels of cholesterol is never difficult. Apart from medicines that lower the cholesterol levels, lifestyle changes, proper meal plan, regular workouts and certain other factors prove helpful in this aspect.
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