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How to Diagnose and Treat Different Types of Meningitis

Meningitis is a deadly disease that is caused due to viral infection, which affects the CNS (nerves of the brain and spinal cord). The early signs of this disease are similar to the flu thus makes it difficult to diagnose.

Common symptoms of Meningitis

  • High fever
  • Stiff neck
  • Headache
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Seizures
  • Rash
  • Sleepiness

The speed of the symptoms might vary based on the type of infection. In the case of bacterial meningitis, the signs appear within hours, while with viral it might take several days.

Diagnosis of Meningitis

Lumbar puncture is a medical procedure that can help in determining if someone has meningitis or not. An anesthetic injection is injected in the lower back and a needle is used to obtain a small sample of the spinal fluid. Normally the fluid appears to be clear but if the person is affected by meningitis then it appears as cloudy and contains WBC (White Blood Cells). Lab analysis can help in determining the specific type of meningitis – viral, bacterial or fungal.

Treatment for Meningitis

Bacterial meningitis:

It is life-threatening and must be treated as soon as possible. In case, the patient is suffering from the bacterial form of meningitis then you are likely to receive antibiotics for two weeks or until the infection is cured. He or she will be kept in complete isolation as this disease is contagious. The patient will be kept in a dark room as bright lights might irritate the eyes. The source of the infection will be determined by the doctor to protect the patient from getting re-infected by this disease. However, you can protect yourself from this disease by getting meningitis b vaccine service from any clinic.

Viral meningitis:

There is no antibiotics present to date that are effective in treating a viral form of meningitis. It gets cured by itself and is much less severe than another form of diseases. In case the patient is admitted to a hospital, he or she is likely to receive supportive care like fluids to prevent getting dehydrated and painkillers.

Fungal meningitis:

In this case, the patient will receive antifungal medications to fight off the infection. Fluids will be provided to keep the patient’s body hydrated and drugs to control fever and pain.

How much is the meningitis b vaccine

This vaccine is also known as Bexsero and is available without any cost for babies in any NHS medical center. The first dose of this vaccine should be provided to the babies aged 8 weeks and the second dosage at 16 weeks, followed by a booster when they are 1 year old.

However, for children who are a little old to qualify for free medication can avail it from private medical clinics. Visiting a doctor right away when the first signs of this deadly disease start appearing is the best way to be safe.

If your child is in pre-school and is yet to receive his or her vaccination then do not wait for long, consult with doctors or Go Here.