About Coronavirus and What to do with its Symptoms
About Coronavirus and What to do with its Symptoms

About Coronavirus and What to do with its Symptoms

Coronaviruses are the kinds of viruses that usually affect the respiratory tract of mammals and humans. These are generally related to pneumonia, common cold and severe acute respiratory syndrome or SARS and can even affect the gut.

Two human coronaviruses had been responsible for a wide proportion of the common colds such as – OC43 and 229E.The infectionmostly takes place in the winter months and during early spring. It is not uncommon for anyone to fall sick due to cold caused by a coronavirus and then catch it again a few months later.

Some facts on coronaviruses you should know

  • There is no remedy for this common cold.
  • Coronavirus can lead to both MERS and SARS.
  • Coronaviruses may infect different types of species.
  • There are seven common human coronaviruses.
  • SARS spread from China to form infection in almost 37 countries and killing 774 people.

Symptoms of coronaviruses

  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Fatigue
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Asthma

Different types of coronaviruses

  • 229E (alpha coronavirus)
  • NL63 (alpha coronavirus)
  • OC43 (beta coronavirus)
  • HKU1 (beta coronavirus)

How coronaviruses may spread

  • Sneezing and coughing without covering the mouth may disperse droplets into the air and spread this virus.
  • Shaking hands with an infected person that already has this kind of virus may pass it to another person.
  • Making close contact with a surface or an object that has the virus and then if you touch your mouth, nose or eyes, you are likely to be infected.
  • On rare occasions, coronavirus can spread through contact with feces.

How you can diagnose coronavirus infections

To make a diagnosis, your health care provider will:

  • Check your medical record that includes your symptoms.
  • Conduct a physical examination.
  • Perform different blood tests.
  • Do laboratory tests of the sputum, a sample from throat swab, or other that the doctor may find necessary.

 

Treatment for coronavirus infections

There is no remedy and so, treatments include taking proper care of yourself and over-the-counter medication:

  • Take sufficient rest and avoid overexertion.
  • Drink enough amount of water every day.
  • Quit the habit of smoking.
  • Take ibuprofen, naproxen or acetaminophen to lessen the pain.
  • Use a room humidifier or take a hot shower to ease throat pain and cough.

SARS

Severe acute respiratory syndrome or SARS is an infectious disease that occurs due to SARS-CoV coronavirus. It is usually a life-threatening form of pneumonia. This virus had begun in the Guangdong Province in Southern China in November 2002 that reached Hong Kong. From there, it had been spreading quickly all over the world by infecting people in almost 37 countries. SARS-CoV may infect the upper as well as the lower respiratory tract and can also be the reason for gastroenteritis.

The symptoms of SARS might develop within the time span of a week and begin with fever. Early in this condition, most people suffer from flu-like symptoms that include:

  • Dry coughing
  • Breathlessness
  • Aches
  • Chills
  • Diarrhea

Pneumonia is a severe lung infection that might develop at a later stage. In the advanced stage, SARS might be the reason for lungs, liver or heart failure.

MERS

MERS usually occur due to MERS-CoV coronavirus that had earlier been recognised in the year 2012. This is a severe respiratory illness that first occurred in Saudi Arabia and has spread to different countries.

Certain symptoms include – coughing, breathlessness and fever. The illness transmitsdue to close contact with people who have already been infected. However, all cases of MERS are associated with individuals who have just returned from travel to the Arabian Peninsula.MERS is fatal in almost 30 to 40 percent of people who have already contracted it.

If you are too worried about the symptoms, it is advised to visit a private health care in London soon. This way, you can at least try to keep yourself away from this virus.