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Gynaecological Problems
Gynaecological Problems

3 Gynaecological Problems Every Woman Should Know at an Early Stage

Abnormal menstrual bleeding usually occurs due to hormonal imbalance. Most women do not understand the signs related to gynaecological problems and do not know about unrelated symptoms for the reproductive organs like increased urination and back pain. Due to the availability of over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or (NSAIDs, the private gynaecologists in London have assumed that women are treating themselves sufficiently. Unfortunately, this is not the case always. Let us discuss about list of common gynecological problems every woman should know.

1. Dysmenorrhea:

Primary dysmenorrhea is considered to be the most common gynecologic problems in menstruating women. Often many women fail to report it during the medical interviews though their regular work gets restricted. It is defined as cramping pain that occurs in the lower abdomen before menstruation due to the absence of pelvic disease. It is different from secondary dysmenorrheal that refers to painful menses leading to pelvic pathology like endometriosis.

Dysmenorrhea can usually be classified into 2 categories

Primary dysmenorrhea

This is another name for menstrual cramps. They usually occur one to two years after women begin their periods. Pain usually takes place at the back or lower abdomen which can either be mild to severe. The menstrual cramps generally begin before or at the time of periods and continue for one to three days. However, they become less painful with age and might stop after the first baby is delivered.

Secondary dysmenorrhea

The pain usually takes places due to disorder in the reproductive organs of woman. These cramps start early during the menstrual cycle and may last long than common cramps.


Menstrual cramps occur due to contractions in the uterus. The uterus is pear-shaped and hollow organ where a baby contracts and grows throughout the menstrual cycle of a woman. If the uterus contracts strongly, it might press against the surrounding blood vessels and lessen the supply of oxygen to muscle tissue of uterus. The pain results when some parts of musclesbegin to losethe supply of oxygen.


  • Aching pain in abdomen that can be severe
  • Pressure in the abdomen
  • Pain in the lower back, inner thighs and hips

If cramps become severe, symptoms include:

  • Upset stomach that can cause vomiting
  • Loose stools

2. Ovarian Cysts:

Ovary is one pair of reproductive glands in women located in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus. Each ovary has the shape and size of a walnut. Ovaries produce eggs and female hormones produce progesterone and estrogen. The ovaries are main source of female hormones that help in the development of female body features likebreasts, body hair and body shape and regulate menstrual cycle as well as pregnancy. Ovarian cysts are said to be closed and sac-like structures within the ovary that contain a liquid or semisolid substance.


The most common type is follicular cyst that occurs due to the growth of a follicle. Follicular cysts form when follicle becomes larger than its actual size during menstrual cycle and does not open for producing the egg. Another type of ovarian cyst is a corpus luteum cyst. The corpus luteum is an area of tissue inside the ovary that takes place when an egg has been released from a follicle. If pregnancy does not take place, the corpus luteum breaks down and then disappears. This cyst is usually found on one side and has no symptoms however, it resolves unexpectedly.

3. Endometriosis:

Endometriosis is a common health problem for woman. It occurs when the tissue grows outside of the uterus and other body parts where it does not belong.It is usually found in:

  • Fallopian tubes
  • Ovaries
  • Tissues that hold uterus in place
  • Outer surface of uterus

Other areas for growth include the cervix, bowel, bladder, rectum, vagina or vulva. You may consult with our gynaecologist in London to know more about common gynae problems.


The cause of endometriosis is actually unknown. The endometrial tissue is deposited in different locations by backing up of menstrual flow into the Fallopian tube and abdominal and pelvic cavity at the time of menstruation known as retrograde menstruation. The cause of retrograde menstruation is not known however, it cannot be the only cause for endometriosis. Another possibility is the areas lining pelvic organs that may grow into other tissue forms such as endometrial cells.


  • Extremely painful menstrual cramps and it might become worse over time.
  • Chronic pain in the pelvis and lower back.
  • Pain during or after intercourse. This is usually “deep” pain and quite different from the pain felt while entering vagina when the penetration starts.
  • Painful bowel movements or pain at the time of urination during menstrual periods. In rare cases, blood is found in the urine or stool.
  • Spotting or bleeding between menstrual periods.
  • Infertility or unable to become pregnant.
  • Stomach problems due to bloating, constipation, diarrhea or nausea at the time of menstrual periods.

The earlier these gynaecological problems can be treated, the better it will be for the health of woman. You may visit your nearest gynaecology clinic to get necessary treatment at the earliest possible time.